Last week’s post, Biopsy Basics, gives a very broad overview about the why‘s and what‘s about breast tissue biopsies — but because this is such VITAL information (which we believe everyone must know and understand!) we’ll be whittling right down key medical essentials for you. eg. showing you what each type of breast cancer looks like under the microscope, and also expanding on each particular cancer’s clinical definition.
If a cancer is found on a biopsy, the pathology results need to answer the surgeon’s and oncologist’s questions below:
Q: PROGNOSTIC: in layman’s terms: 1. In medical terminology: a factor capable of providing information on clinical outcome at the time of diagnosis.}
Q: PREDICTIVE: in layman’s terms: 1. predicting a factor capable of providing information on likelihood of response to a given therapeutic modality.}
Q: TUMOUR TYPE: influences both prognosis and response to therapy.
Because breast cancer is not just one simple disease with one simple treatment, the points below prove just how critically important a biopsy’s results are!
- The pathology report’s answers to the above questions proactively influences optimal patient management
- Helps distinguish different prognostic groups amongst patients who have similar tumour characteristics
- Assists in predicting responses to therapeutic agents
- Helps the surgeon and oncologist give their patient the right treatment at the right time
- Biopsy results also provide knowledge which separates tumours into 4 main tumour types — based on histological type, grade of tumour and whether the tumour is positive or negative on receptor analysis and oncogene analysis. eg. four different types of HER2 breast cancer — see diagram below. (Read: Biopsy Basics here.)
Over the next week, we’ll be ‘microscoping’ each type of breast cancer tissue for you – so don’t miss out! Join us on Facebook & Twitter! We’d love to see you there — and hear your thoughts, ideas and stories! (Which reminds us, if you would like to share your story (we’d LOVE you to!) please email Lisa or Lynne at: firstname.lastname@example.org